Wait on the LORD: be of good courage,
and he shall strengthen thine heart;
wait, I say, on the LORD.
- Psalm 27:14
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Pastor's Blog

David's Restoration 8/05/2012
Dearly beloved,

We know that the grace of God is greater than all our sin, but it is not until we come to a place of repentance and faith that we are able to receive and experience this grace and forgiveness through the wonder working power of the blood of Jesus Christ. Last week in our sermon text from 2 Samuel 11 we heard of how David fell to the weakness of his flesh by commiting adultery, how he tried to hide this sin by seeking to evade his responsiblity for his sin, and how he finally resorted to murder in order to try to "move on with his life." In his deceived state, he arranged for Bathsheba's husband to be killed on the battlefield, married his widow and lived happily ever after.........Not he did not, for there was One who saw all that David had done..... 2 Samuel 11:27b But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.

In our sermon text we see how the prophet of God Nathan was sent to confront David with the reality that nothing is hid from the eye of God and that even though David had successfully hidden his sin from almost all people, God was aware the entire time of David´s sin and coverup. In Psalm 51 we will hear of the prayer of repentance that David prayed after Nathan came and showed David of his sin and in Psalm 32 we will hear of David´s reflections on what it was like while he was battling the guilt that he was living in before he came to a place of repentance. We will also hear of the relief that came into his heart after he was renewed in the knowledge of the blessing of not having his sins held against him. There is no greater joy that we can ever possess than knowing the our sins are forgiven before God.

How did God choose to speak to David through his prophet Nathan in his rebellion? Why did he chose to have him speak in that manner? How has the Lord spoken to us when we have been living in rebellion to Him? What message has brought us to the knowledge of our rebellion against Him and His Word? How could/do we speak to others who are living in denial of their sin? Our text of meditation today will give us insight as to the answers to these important questions that often are in our minds.

2 Samuel 11:26 And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.
27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.

As we continue our studies in the life of King David, we review the last 2 verses of 2 Samuel 11 before we move forward into chapter 12 which begins God's plan to restore David to his right mind, for he is now living in deception. Bathsheba is mourning her husbands death and after the mourning was past, David took her to be his wife. The conjunction "but" at the end of verse 27 gives us the clear understanding that all was not well in the life of David in the eyes of the Lord. So the Lord acts by sending the prophet Nathan to David.

Before going on that meeting, it would be good to look back at 2 Samuel 7 in order to become familiar with the first meeting of David and Nathan, the prophet. Here is a somewhat lengthy account of that meeting and of what transpired there.

David's first meeting with Nathan
KJV 2 Samuel 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.

David was living in a peaceful time, and during this time, he sent for Nathan and bounced off an idea to him that came to him in that he wanted to build a house for the Lord, since he lives in a house of cedar and God lives in a tent. Nathan listened, saw nothing contrary to the will of God and said go for it. For the Lord is with you...But that night. ......

4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?

In the night Nathan was given a word by the Lord, in which he told Nathan to go ask David the question: Shall you build a house for me to dwell in? The Lord went on to explain that He has never lived in a house, but in a tent and tabernacle and besides, He has never asked them to build him a house. He then tells Nathan to give David some knowledge of the bigger picture of the Promise of the Messiah that was given to Abraham.

8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.

The Lord of hosts starts by telling David:" I was the one that plucked you out of the sheep fields, I was one who anointed you to be the king in the future (through Samuel), I was the one who was with you everywhere, I cut your enemies off from you, I have made you a great name, like the names of other great men on the earth." The Lord reminds David of his past blessings.

10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.

Then He speaks of the future, saying that He will appoint a place for His people Israel, will plant them in a place of their own. and they will always be safe from enemies. This seems to be referring to them getting to the promised land and through the Judges He protected them until the day that now had arrived and in which David was going to be told of his role in the future. Nathan switches from first person to second person in the last statement in verse 11: "Also the Lord tells you that He will make you a house." Why did he switch to second person? Was it because Nathan himself did not understand what the meaning of this statement was? David must have been thinking: What is all this about?

12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

Both the Temple of Solomon and the Greater Temple are prophesied of here. David probably understood the reference to the coming of the temple which his son would build, but the vision of the Greater Temple was most likely very foggy. One thing was made crystal clear though: The Greater Temple, Jesus Christ, would never pass away, for the throne shall be established forever. Wow.....How did David respond to this revelation which was given by God through Nathan. David at this time was thinking in earthly terms, but now the Lord showed him spiritual things. Lord, that is how you do things, you use physical things to point us to and to reveal spiritual truths. What was the response of David to what had been told him by God through Nathan? Let us see....


18 Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?
20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
21 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.

He was humbled, as he went into the place where he sat before the Lord, and said thewords that are recorded for us. He was brought to the place of silence as he pondered the impact of that which Nathan had told him. He was humbled by the fact that the Living God of Israel had chosen him, had blessed him and had appointed him as a major player in His redemptive plan to bring salvation to the world. After he had praised the Lord, David went on to describe who His God is. How did he do this? What can we learn from David here?

22 Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
23 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?
24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.

To describe the Lord's greatness, he first makes a statement that there is no other God like His God, both from personal experience (in the first four verses) and from that which he had heard about the Lord. David compares the nation of Israel to all the heathen nations, asking "what nation compares with Israel)? They were a nation that God had redeemed so that through them a great name would be made for Him and that through them great and awesome things would be done for the land and for the people. Now David essentially tells the Lord: You have spoken, let it be so. The word of faith...

25 And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.
26 And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.
27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.

How much David understood of that which he was saying is unclear, but it is clear that he trusted the Word of the Lord and what had been spoken. Another thing that is clear is that David sees the "foreverness' of this covenant, this agreement, which He made with David at this point in history. Further knowledge of this covenant is given to us by Ethan the Ezrahite who is thought to have lived during the time of Solomon's reign, in a time of turmoil. Let us read this Psalm all the way through and it will be helpful for us to understand the immensity of the agreement/covenant that the Lord made with David. We will also see our own selves in the life of Ethan the Ezrahite as he recounts the covenant the God made with David, as he asks God where is the evidence of this covenant in his time (Ezra's) and finally when we asks God "where are you? why don't you do something?"



ESV Psalm 89:1 A MASKIL OF ETHAN THE EZRAHITE. I will sing of the steadfast love of the LORD, forever; with my mouth I will make known your faithfulness to all generations.
2 For I said, "Steadfast love will be built up forever; in the heavens you will establish your faithfulness."
3 You have said, "I have made a covenant with my chosen one; I have sworn to David my servant:
4 'I will establish your offspring forever, and build your throne for all generations.'"Selah
5 Let the heavens praise your wonders, O LORD, your faithfulness in the assembly of the holy ones!
6 For who in the skies can be compared to the LORD? Who among the heavenly beings is like the LORD,
7 a God greatly to be feared in the council of the holy ones, and awesome above all who are around him?
8 O LORD God of hosts, who is mighty as you are, O LORD, with your faithfulness all around you?
9 You rule the raging of the sea; when its waves rise, you still them.
10 You crushed Rahab like a carcass; you scattered your enemies with your mighty arm.
11 The heavens are yours; the earth also is yours; the world and all that is in it, you have founded them.
12 The north and the south, you have created them; Tabor and Hermon joyously praise your name.
13 You have a mighty arm; strong is your hand, high your right hand.
14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne; steadfast love and faithfulness go before you.
15 Blessed are the people who know the festal shout, who walk, O LORD, in the light of your face,
16 who exult in your name all the day and in your righteousness are exalted.
17 For you are the glory of their strength; by your favor our horn is exalted.
18 For our shield belongs to the LORD, our king to the Holy One of Israel.
19 Of old you spoke in a vision to your godly one, and said: "I have granted help to one who is mighty; I have exalted one chosen from the people.
20 I have found David, my servant; with my holy oil I have anointed him,
21 so that my hand shall be established with him; my arm also shall strengthen him.
22 The enemy shall not outwit him; the wicked shall not humble him.
23 I will crush his foes before him and strike down those who hate him.
24 My faithfulness and my steadfast love shall be with him, and in my name shall his horn be exalted.
25 I will set his hand on the sea and his right hand on the rivers.
26 He shall cry to me, 'You are my Father, my God, and the Rock of my salvation.'
27 And I will make him the firstborn, the highest of the kings of the earth.
28 My steadfast love I will keep for him forever, and my covenant will stand firm for him.
29 I will establish his offspring forever and his throne as the days of the heavens.
30 If his children forsake my law and do not walk according to my rules,
31 if they violate my statutes and do not keep my commandments,
32 then I will punish their transgression with the rod and their iniquity with stripes,
33 but I will not remove from him my steadfast love or be false to my faithfulness.
34 I will not violate my covenant or alter the word that went forth from my lips.
35 Once for all I have sworn by my holiness; I will not lie to David.
36 His offspring shall endure forever, his throne as long as the sun before me.
37 Like the moon it shall be established forever, a faithful witness in the skies." Selah

Ethan wonders where God is in relation to his promise which is outlined above.

38 But now you have cast off and rejected; you are full of wrath against your anointed.
39 You have renounced the covenant with your servant; you have defiled his crown in the dust.
40 You have breached all his walls; you have laid his strongholds in ruins.
41 All who pass by plunder him; he has become the scorn of his neighbors.
42 You have exalted the right hand of his foes; you have made all his enemies rejoice.
43 You have also turned back the edge of his sword, and you have not made him stand in battle.
44 You have made his splendor to cease and cast his throne to the ground.
45 You have cut short the days of his youth; you have covered him with shame. Selah

He falsely accuses God of forgetting that which He cannot forget, and in his questions, shows his humanness.

46 How long, O LORD? Will you hide yourself forever? How long will your wrath burn like fire?
47 Remember how short my time is! For what vanity you have created all the children of man!
48 What man can live and never see death? Who can deliver his soul from the power of Sheol? Selah
49 Lord, where is your steadfast love of old, which by your faithfulness you swore to David?
50 Remember, O Lord, how your servants are mocked, and how I bear in my heart the insults of all the many nations,
51 with which your enemies mock, O LORD, with which they mock the footsteps of your anointed.

Ethan: I do not understand, things are not looking good, where is your promise now, but through it all, Ethan in verse 52 says, Lord, you are true, you will not fail and I will trust you.

52 Blessed be the LORD forever! Amen and Amen. BOOK FOUR

We may have gotten a little off track by going into the book of Psalms, but I do not think so. God is faithful, He knows what He is doing and He acts in accordance with His promises. He will restore His fallen chosen one in the way that He chooses to do so. So He sends Nathan, the one by whom David had been told of the promise of the everlasting kingdom through in 2 Samuel 7. David has gotten off track, is living in the deceit of sin, and now it is time for Him to have His eyes opened to what he has done and what he is doing. God sends Nathan with a parable, that at first glance has nothing to do with anything. What must David have thought at first when Nathan came to him? There is a consensus among theologians that it had been approximately a years since David had had his fateful union with Bathsheba......Psalm 32 gives us clear indication that David was not a happy man during the time that he was living with an unrepentant heart.

KJV 2 Samuel 12:1 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor.
2 The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds:
3 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.
4 And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.

Nathan was directed by the Lord to bring to David a parable, which at first appears to be simply a story. But maybe it is more than an unrelated story that is now told. Nathan tells him that there was a rich man who had many flocks and herds and the poor man had nothing, but one little ewe lamb, and it was precious to him. The rich man received a traveler, and when it came time for the rich man to make a meal for the traveler, instead of taking one of many out of his flocks and herds, he took the poor man's precious lamb, the only one, killed it and gave it for food to his traveling guest..........

5 And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die:
6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

David, listening to this, got very angry and he told Nathan, "As the Lord lives, the man that has done this thing shall surely die and he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.......

David had pronounced judgment on this rich man, because he had taken the poor man's only lamb, his precious lamb instead of taking one of his own lambs. The rich man had no compassion for the poor man and his family. David burns with anger at that man, he says that he must pay the poor man back four times. David knows the requirements of the law concerning this sin....

KJV Exodus 22:1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

David burns in his anger at someone who had so much to give at what he had been given, he had no lack of lambs to give to the traveler, but what did he do? He took someone else's lamb to give to the traveler. He burned in anger at the rich man for being a man with no compassion. How could the rich man do this? .......Where is Nathan going with this story, anyway, David may have thought, as he still was not able to "see." David clearly remembered the Scripture concerning the sin of the rich man, but what about his sin. What does the Scripture say about it? It does have something to say about his sin. For we read as follows......

KJV Leviticus 20:10 And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.

How long Nathan paused after David blasted vehemently against the rich man, we do not know. But at this time in the life of David, four words came out of the mouth of the prophet Nathan, which spoke volumes into the heart and mind of David. Four words that when properly understood as coming from the mouth of God literally stop one in their tracks....What were those four words?

7 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man.

Whomp!!! A sledgehammer came down on David as these words were uttered by God through Nathan. How David responded at first is not known, for Nathan went on to point out to David why "he was that man." Even though we are making an argument of silence, it is important to note that the Scripture does not give us any indication that David said anything to Nathan after he was "Thou are the man" or that he left the presence of Nathan. He stayed in his presence and listened to the rest of the Word of the Lord through Nathan.. Neither did it appear that David blocked his ears at what was being said.......He had not listened when one had tried to stop him from taking Bathsheba to use to fulfill his lust, (2 Samuel 11:3) but now he listened. Nathan continues.....

Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
8 And I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.

He first reminded David of that which the Lord had done for him, how He had delivered him, and had given him all that he needed, adding that if that had not been enough, he would have been given more. What is being said here David had been given all from Saul's house, his wives included, as well as the house of Israel and Judah. What that means exactly is not totally clear, but it certainly gives us the indication that he had all that he needed. But he wanted more, and he as the King of Israel simply had to say the word and he got anything he wanted.

Since the lust of the eyes and the lust of the flesh in the area of sexual gratification is the root of the problem here, let us pause here a moment and consider. Lust for things has an insatiable appetite, as we mentioned last week through verses from Proverbs which we will place here again.

Proverbs 30:15 The leech has two daughters; "Give" and "Give," they cry. Three things are never satisfied; four never say, "Enough":
16 Sheol, the barren womb, the land never satisfied with water, and the fire that never says, "Enough."

We have been given all things by God to enjoy, but within the framework of his will. God has designed marriage to be between one man and one woman, not one man and two women, or one man and more than one woman. David had plenty of wives, he was living outside of God's will in this area in his life If we are looking simply to the fulfilment of the normal sexual needs that David had, he had more than enough to provide for those needs. He was not satisfied with only one wife......He needed just one more.... just one more.

2 Samuel 5:12 And David knew that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.
13 And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David.

The lure of the forbidden is a powerful force in our lives as our fallen human nature if left unchecked will drive us incessantly to fulfill our wants (which we thing are needs) at the expense of anyone and everything. There is reason as to why Joseph ran away from the daily seductions from Potiphar's wife, and there is reason as to why the Scripture commands us to flee fornication. KJV 1 Corinthians 6:18 Flee fornication.

1 John 2:15 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
17 And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.

Recently we met with a group of recovering drug addicts and during our time together, they shared with us that they have a saying concerning taking a drink again. "One drink is too many and a thousand drinks are not enough." The same saying could be applied to the area of the lust of the eyes and of the lust of the flesh. Left unchecked, it wants more, more, more, more.

Let us return to our text now, and see what the Lord has instructed Nathan to tell David. Instead of telling David, Nathan asked David a question which was designed to cause David to think through his anger at the man and to move from the sin of the rich man to his own sin. God asks why have you done this in response to all that I have given you? Why, why, why?

9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.

The Lord asks: Why have you despised the commandment of the Lord, to do evil in His sight?" You yourself have killed Uriah, you have taken his wife to be your wife and you have slain Uriah with the sword of the children of Ammon.

David was told in no uncertain terms that he is responsible for the death of Uriah, the husband of Bathsheba. He was the one who took another's wife to be his wife. He was the one who held the sword when Uriah was killed on the battle field. The consequences were going to be great in the life of David.. Much grief would come into the life of David and his house because of his despising of the commandment of the Lord. Others were going to suffer for his sins.

10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife.
11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun.

David is told here of the foundational reason as to why these divine chastisements are going to take place. It is because he did these things in secret, and as a lesson to David as well as to all mankind ever since, God said that the divine chastisements will be done openly before all Israel and before the sun. And so it happened........

12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.

Wow, what is David thinking now? What are we thinking? It is nearly impossible for us to understand what David was thinking as he was living in the Old Testament time whereas we live in the time of the New Testament and the age of the Holy Spirit. When we are confronted with our sin, we must look to Christ, for that is where the Spirit will point us. But yet going back to 2 Samuel 7 we know that David was made aware of an eternal kingdom in which according to the flesh was a blood member, for through his seed the King would be born one day on Christmas Eve. We understand how all that happened, but we have all the facts. He did not, but yet he did have some very important information. Let us go back to 2 Samuel 7 to see that those facts were:

2 Samuel 7:12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

Even though Solomon's kingdom and the eternal kingdom of Christ are referred to here, David is included in the promise as seen in verse 16. God is speaking to David in this place through Nathan. David is included in the promise of God. David had a choice to make as he listened to Nathan explain of the consequences that were going to be upon him and his family in the future. Where does David go when he hears the voice of the Lord say: "You are the man." David had anger against the rich man, but did Nathan speak in like manner. I do not believe so, for Nathan most likely spoke with a trembling voice which was full of care and concern for the life of David when he said those four words: "You are the man."

Oh, what an example that David sets for us here today. He believed the Word of the Lord that Nathan spoke to him now, but he also believed the Word of the Lord that had been spoken to him earlier in his life by Nathan. (2 Samuel 7) He remembered that he was included in the eternal kingdom of Christ, but he also understood that chastisements were a part of the ways of God in his superintending of his people. David rested upon both of the "Words" of the Lord.

13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.
He came to repentance, saying, "I have sinned against the Lord." We must understand that under the divine law, David was guilty of death on two counts:
10 And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.

KJV Exodus 21:12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

In saying that "I have sinned against the Lord," he was saying that he deserved to die. He condemned himself. He now saw himself as one under the wrath of God instead of the rich man, and even though David does not ask for mercy, it is implied that this now was the state of his mind and heart. His condition before God can be compared to the repentant thief on the cross who was crucified along with Jesus.....


Luke 23:39 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?
41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.
42 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.
43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

The thief saw that he was condemned, saw that that innocent was suffering wrongfully, and he called out to the only one who could save him from death: Jesus the Christ. Immediately he was assured of forgiveness. In like manner, David saw that he was condemned, admitted it openly by declaring his guilt before the Lord and repented to the Lord through Nathan......What was the Lord's response?
And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.

Under the divine promise, David was assured of the forgiveness of the Lord, and that he would not die. The Lord laid aside the judgment of his divine law for His reasons, pardoning David from his great sin, and David would continue to be the King of Israel. But the ensuing years would not be easy for him. For the chastisement that was promised would come forth..

In application of this text, let us look at some basic truths here.

Even though God has put away our sin from the foundation of the world, our forgiveness is contingent on repentance. This means that the benefits of the forgiveness that Christ won for us are not ours until we come to repentance toward God and to faith in Jesus Christ. We see this truth illustrated in the two psalms that are connected to this time in David's life: Psalm 51 is one that David spoke after Nathan came to him to restore him and Psalm 31 could be considered like a testimony of David some time after Psalm 51. I close this lengthy article with those two psalms, but first a few verses from the last part of Psalm 19, one that he wrote much earlier in his life.

Psalm 19:12 Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.
13 Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression. {the great: or, much}
14 Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer.

David's repentance
KJV Psalm 51:1 Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
2 Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
3 For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.
4 Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.
5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. {conceive...: Heb. warm me}
6 Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.
7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
8 Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.
9 Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.
10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. {right: or, constant}
11 Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.
12 Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.
13 Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.
14 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. {bloodguiltiness: Heb. bloods}
15 O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
16 For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering. {else...: or, that I should}
17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
18 Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.
19 Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.

David's testimony after his restoration
KJV Psalm 32:1 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. {A Psalm...: or, A Psalm of David giving instruction}
2 Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
3 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long.
4 For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.
5 I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah.
6 For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters they shall not come nigh unto him. {when...: Heb. of finding}
7 Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah.
8 I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye. {guide...: Heb. counsel thee, mine eye shall be upon thee}
9 Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee.
10 Many sorrows shall be to the wicked: but he that trusteth in the LORD, mercy shall compass him about.
11 Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart.

Application and Illustrations
Today's text points to grace repentance and faith.

Illustration 1
13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.
David came to repentance and believed that his sin was forgiven,continued as King of Israel but he and his family suffered greatly for David's sin

Illustration 2
Pastor who was blind to his preoccupation within his selfishness to the point that he lost his entire family as in his blindness he looked to meet his needs in sinful ways: He was woke up when he swerved to miss a jack rabbit and when his wife's picture fell on the floor and broke, he saw himself as he was. He thought to himself: "I care more for a jackrabbit than I have cared for my dear wife, my children, my church family,.....what have I done?" He made full confession of his sins, putting himself before all in humility and submission, continued his life in the forgiveness of all his sins, but also living with the consequences of his sinful actions which caused him to leave the ministry.........
He came to repentance...but he paid dearly

Illustration 3
A person shared with me of how they recently experienced this truth. He and his wife had a guest in their home who was very enamored with electronic media, an iphone. As he was observing this person and their electronic media, busy with sending and receiving messages on their electronic device, this person spilled a glass of milk on the carpet. As he waited for the person to clean up the mess from the floor, knowing that the quicker it was done, the less damage there would be to the carpet, he saw the person with the iphone look at the spilled milk for a minute, say something like, I will clean it up in a minute, but as the minutes went by, there was no movement, only fingers moving to send messages out.

The homeowner waited and then in amazement watched as his wife went over to where the person was busily working their fingers, got down on her hands and knees to clean up the milk, without a word being said. She wiped everything up, left the room without a word, and my friend thought: Wow, my wife is like Jesus, she cleans up the mess of someone who does not even seem to be aware of that which they have done since they are so preoccupied with themselves. He saw Christ in his wife, cleaning up someone else's mess, and all this was apparently unnoticed by the person who was preoccupied with self.

As he watched this all happening, this person began to get angry at the person who was preoccupied with themselves and their electronic media. He fumed for awhile, but then it came to him as the Holy Spirit brought to his mind the times he was preoccupied with his own things so that he did not have much concern about others. He went quickly from being angry at the preoccupied person to being angry with himself for his own sin of neglect and concern for others and their needs. He saw himself as the person who was preoccupied with self.

My friend told me this: "We are all like that person who is preoccupied with our needs, our things, our desires, our wants. My wife is like Jesus who goes around cleaning up our messes, and we often times do not even notice Him. This friend understands what repentance is, for he understand that it is a daily experience. He understands that in judging others we judge ourselves.

He came to repentance before he acted foolishly in his mind.

ESV Romans 2:1 Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things.

Grace: God has fixed the sin problem that separated us from Himself through the cross of Christ.

Repentance: Rejecting our sinful thoughts, words and actions and turning to God, believing and accepting His Word.

Faith: Believe that we are forgiven in and through Jesus Christ.


May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with us now and forever, Amen.
Pastor Orval Wirkkala
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Help is on the way Isaiah 40.1.11
- Posted by Pastor Orval Wirkkala


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